Universities are the higher education institutions, the human development centers established to run academics, research, services and patient care in an integrated way. So its functionalities are having large diversity to different functional areas like Studying the Nature to learn the different Sources of Knowledge, Creation of new Knowledge Through High End Research, preparing the students should to accept the knowledge in the form designed by the University, Transferring those Knowledge to the Students or next generation with the knowledge of applicability or practicability, teaching students how to integrate knowledge to the society to earn their livelihood by protecting the nature, maintaining discipline in the campus and learn to maintain harmony instead of natural competition to learn, to match up to national or global vision for effective education and the people’s aspiration from education.
It shows that University has a greater responsibility to maintain harmony among the Sources of Knowledge i.e. Nature (Environment, earth and water), Society (social structure, religions, beliefs, life style, different disciplines of knowledge, knowledge of different generations, society, industry or different social and professional sectors) and Human Beings (Faculties, students and older & newer generations).
For Seamless Integration of sources, the societal systems and people, a seamless process is required where the proper balance can be maintained to increase the adaptability of all, to empower everybody to participate in learning process and creation of new knowledge by protecting the world with enough sensibility and responsibility. Universities have to develop a unified system by balancing among the intelligent quotient, emotional quotient, cultural quotient, social quotient etc.
Intelligent Quotient testing was developed In 1900 in USA by Alfred Binet. Our education system is designed on the basis of IQ, designing the questions, passing the examinations, grading the students and so on. It slowly dominated the human values, natural instinct to perceive, to feel and to empathise. Yes, IQ is a very important factor and plays a major role in learning process, but other factors cannot be ignored for application and realisation of knowledge in the world.
In 1983, the concept of emotional intelligence slowly emerged to develop a model or formal structure for human emotions and empathy by few American Psychologists. The emotional Intelligence, written by Daniel Goleman in 1996, had given a formal shape to emotional intelligence and it became a popular concept in management and leadership. But, slowly it lost its importance by showing its dominance in Feminine Gender and it was criticized by few psychologists. But, none of them could deny its importance because of its originality and effect on human behaviour, thoughts and actions. To integrate the new generation to a pre designed system, developed by previous generation and integrating students to the peers and teachers, its importance always remained dominant in a University campus.
While the big cities like New York, California, Mumbai grew in size and people from different nations, cultures and religions started living in one place, one apartment, one colony, in early 21st century and faced the problem of religious conflict, conflict of life style and behaviour, slowly the management students started doing research how to maintain harmony in a diverse environment and cultural quotient got its dominance and visibility in the studies. Few Prominent Researcher like Christopher Earley, Soon Ang, had written a book on Cultural intelligence focusing on individual cultural intelligence, Middleton of London wrote a book on Cultural Intelligence focusing on City prospectives in 2017, with few more researchers wanted to bring this concept into practice post 2000. In a good reputed University, where students come from 100 foreign countries from different economic back ground from Below Poverty Line to the children of very rich persons or HNIs in the globe, from different back ground like a rural village to Cosmopolitan metros like New York, Mumbai etc. For maintaining the harmony among them, maintaining the cultural resilience among them has become essential by developing the proportionate core and flex to increase adaptability and respect for each other as it is not that easy or correct to change the culture and faith base of a human being.
By developing a integrated flexible system with proportionate balance between IQ, EQ and CQ, the resilience is maintained inside the University, but what about integrating them to the community, to different national or global system. Lots of studies are happening to have research on different Public Policy and deciding its execution process to integrate it with the society, implement it with the people not by enforcement, but by assimilating it slowly in the way of life with all its advantages and slowly eliminating the limitations. The process of social integration is called social resilience. Social Resilience is more popular among the disaster management group because they have to take lots of drastic steps for saving the lives and property, which disrupt the normal way of living and create panic. So mitigation teams, while they make the preventive strategy for execution, they keep the people acceptance and seamless implementation as the most priority.
In the campuses of higher education, the same strategy should be followed to introduce the new knowledge to the world, to introduce the new generation graduates to the world and make a system to come closer to the society to stay connected to the society and maintain resilience with Society.
University Unified Intelligence System by bringing the Importance of Core Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Cultural Intelligence and Social Intelligence together for empowering the learners with confidence to learn, to integrate them with the learning system and showing them the way to network with the peers and teachers. The Intelligent, Emotions, Culture and Social execution can be balanced or system should have sufficient adaptability to connect all the nodes to provide a safe and healthy life inside the campus for holistic human development, and conducive learning environment. Maintenance of Resilience in individual, systemic and social level can be achieved in the University level, only with meticulous planning, robust strategy, compassionate leadership, and humanistic execution policy.